GLOSSARY OF TERMS
term refers to the (optional) selection (on Screen 4) of alternate numbers of primary units
which are to be combined within a secondary case, with all units being arranged
in the same orientation.
final unit which is to be palletised. This may be defined by the user (in Palletise
mode) or may be constructed from primary / sub-primary units.
a secondary case has been sized by the Collation module the external dimensions
will be compared with constraints that will exclude unsuitable cases from the
are specified by you for each packaging style on the Packaging Style screen
(Selected from Screen 3) and they can be
changed by amending the details shown.
The external dimensions of a CASE are calculated for a collation of PRIMARY UNITS as follows:Base:
the collation base dimension
material thickness x No. of thicknesses
total of gaps between each PRIMARY UNIT
constraint gap allowance
s/wrap and seal allowance (length only)
s/wrap and seal allowance (length only)
the collation height dimension
material thickness x No. of thicknesses
result is rounded up to the nearest millimetre on certain reports.
arrangement of primary units within a secondary case with all the units oriented
in the same direction. The number of primary unit tiers within the case is
governed by the stability constraint and by any restriction imposed by the user
on the number of tiers which can be used. This value is specified in the packing
style screen. Each tier will be identical to the first. A
three dimensional diagram may be seen on the computer screen if required
and the collation for each case is printed on both the 'Summary of Results' and
the 'Palletisation Specification' reports.
number of layers of primary units within a secondary case.
will investigate every collation within the size, stability and number of tiers
constraints imposed by you on the packaging style specification.
When the FIXED VOLUME module is being used the number of alternative collations that will be examined can be further reduced by entering the maximum number of tiers that you will be prepared to consider.
Width and Radius.
generating secondary units for a given number of primary cases, details of the
conveyor to be used can be entered and held on the conveyor details standard
value file. A width of zero indicates that no conveyor is in use.
will not attempt to palletise a secondary unit which will not travel along the
conveyor or around its tightest curve without overhanging.
printer report available in PALLETISE and Collation modes which provides views
from all four sides of the pallet stack.
PALLETMANAGER has sized a case for a particular collation the external
dimensions are checked against the pack constraints for the selected style of
Where any constraint is exceeded, this case will be excluded from
Details of excluded cases can be viewed from Screen 5.
layers of cases are a flip-over image of the first layer (in an axis
parallel to the pallet length), to provide interlocking.
term is used to represent a packing in which the items packed (e.g. Cylinders)
form distinct rows and columns within the collation. (See Nesting)
is a pack constraint that will exclude any collation where the external height
dimension of the secondary case is greater than the smallest base dimension
multiplied by the value held in the packaging style record.
An option on Screen 6, the two / three dimensional pallet layout display, allows the placement on the pallet to be adjusted horizontally (on the screen) so at to 'even out' any gaps in a layout. A similar option to move vertically (on the screen) can also be selected. The effect of any movements applied can be removed by reselecting the appropriate layout number
A common graphics format used when displaying images on an Intranet / Internet. Can be viewed using a web browser such as explorer. Also used in the display of a company Logo on reports (see Appendix 1) or for display of product images in Collation mode (Section 6)
An arrangement of a single layer of cases on a pallet or within a tray..
uses a variety of techniques to develop pallet loading patterns which make the
maximum use of the pallet loading area. The number of layouts which provide this
maximum utilisation will depend upon the shape and size of the case base and on
the load area of the pallet.
Sometimes there will be only one possible layout but at other times there
may be hundreds (usually if the case base is nearly square).
choice of an acceptable layout depends upon your own requirements, and the range
offered by PALLETMANAGER will meet most needs.
layers of cases are a mirror image (in an axis parallel to the pallet width) of
the first layer to provide interlocking.
selected allows for the inter-mixing of layers of different types on the
pallet. See Section 11.
arrangement of cylinders in which adjacent items do NOT form distinct rows and
columns. A detailed description of the types of nesting pattern is given in Section
are centralised on the pallet so that the actual overhang on a particular edge
will be half of the calculated total displayed on the Layout Screen (Screen 6).
This entry (on Screen 3) is the TOTAL amount by which the load area length considered by PALLETMANAGER exceeds the larger pallet dimension.
the TOTAL amount by which the load area width considered by PALLETMANAGER
exceeds the shorter pallet dimension. In either case a negative sign indicates
dimension(s) less than the stated pallet length and/or width.
maximum amount by which a case layout can be allowed to exceed a pallet edge
As layouts are centralised the maximum should be twice the amount allowed
for one edge.
area of packaging material in square metres is calculated according to the
equations given in Section 4 of this manual.
printout produced at the end of your PALLETMANAGER investigation which can be
used as all or part of the specification issued as an instruction to the loading
A format devised by Adobe Systems for holding and displaying textual and graphics material.
'Summary of Results' report shows the percentage of load area and pallet volume
filled by the secondary case.
The total area and volume of the pallet (including maximum allowable
overhang) is used for this calculation.
cuboid or cylindrical shaped item that has to be packed into a secondary case.
shapes must be expressed in three dimensions and the system will assume that
these units are cuboid.
"Nesting" of cylindrical units is also catered for.
The primary units must be identical.
option, displayed on Screen 6, the two and three dimensional layout display,
allows the user to select a stack made up of identical layers. Secondary
outer case sized by the Collation module or an existing case that you wish to
term used in Tertiary mode for the smallest individual unit. These are collated
to form primary units, then collated again to form the final case.
two stage collation of sub-primary units to form a case. Sub-primaries are
firstly collated to form a primary, and then collated once again to form the
Refers to the number of boxes or cartons stored on a layer / tier (Ti) and the number of layers high these can be stacked in the pallet (Hi)
selected, this permits the top layer of the pallet may consist of cases placed
on their side.
Tray or Tote.
Aside from the use of this term for designs of cardboard trays used to hold product, these terms are used for units (such as those popular in major stores) used to hold product in stackable re-usable units.
are centralised on the pallet so that the amount by which the layout is inside
the pallet edge will be half of the calculated total displayed on Layout Screen
6. Underhang is shown as a negative value.
minimum by which a pallet layout can be allowed to sit inside a pallet edge. As
layouts are centralised the minimum should be twice the amount allowed for one
A recently introduced feature whereby palletisation specifications may be made available for viewing by others on an Intranet / Internet or CD, with access being via their web browser.